Blood Pressure in Relation to Age, Body Mass Index and Body Surface Area among the Irula Adult Women

Blood pressure (SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure) is positively correlated with cardiac output and vascular resistance is related to height, weight, body surface area (BSA) and body mass index (BMI) in adult women. In the present study, an attempt was made to study the relationship between blood pressure and age, body mass index (BMI) and body surface area (BSA) among adult Irula women in Nilgiri district, Tamilnadu, India. This study was conducted among the Irula of Tamilnadu, an indigenous community belonging to the Scheduled Tribes (ST) and speaking Dravidian. The results of the present study show the association between age, height, weight and BMI with SBP, DBP and BSA in Irula women. The R2 values show a higher magnitude of relationship between age and SBP, age and DBP and BMI and SBP. In the case of BMI and DBP, BSA and SBP and BSA and DBP, however, a very low correlation is observed. This trend confirms the change in the socioeconomic environment and blood pressure in the population studied.