Body composition of Bengalee preschool children of Jalpaiguri, West Bengal, India

In humans, body fat accumulation occurs in adipose tissue, which is a useful marker for the assessment of adiposity in the human body. Anthropometric predictors and Skinfold thickness were used to measure body composition. Determination of fat and fat-free mass has considerable interest in the evaluation of body composition and nutritional status in children. Different scholars suggest the use of the skinfold method for the measurement of subcutaneous fat. The present study was done among Bengalee preschool children (479 boys and 471 girls) aged between 2-5 years of Jalpaiguri. In this study, we used the equation for converting anthropometric data to body fat percentage. Body composition characteristics in a correlation with anthropometric dimensions among preschool children of the present study. Comparison of Percent Body Fat, Fat Mass & Fat Mass Index done by using body composition equations. Significant age-combined sex differences were found among most of the anthropometric and body composition variables except Mid Upper Arm Circumference, Hip Circumference, Waist Circumference and Body Mass Index. Most of the adiposity measures such as Percent Body Fat, Fat Mass and Fat Mass Index positively correlated with anthropometric variables. Estimation of body composition variables by comparing two equations (Slaughter and Shaikh & Mahalanabis) in the present sample clearly shows the mean difference for all body composition variables. Consideration of ethnicity may be utilized to develop such body composition equations.