Determinants of Birth Weight: A Cross Sectional Study in District Panna of Madhya Pradesh, India

Low birth weight (LBW) is an important determinant of mortality, morbidity and disability in the neonatal, infant and childhood period and has long-term implications for health in adulthood. The prevalence of LBW varies widely between countries, ranging from 7.2% in industrialised countries to 17.3% in Asia. In India, the prevalence of LBW has decreased from 20% to 16% in the last decade. A major reason for this improvement could be the improvement in maternal and child health care through specially designed programmes. This study was conducted in District Hospital, Panna, M.P., India, which has a well-equipped delivery room and operation theatre. The present study is based on the data collected from the birth register of District Hospital Panna, and shows that the prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) is 33.9%. Maternal age, duration of pregnancy, maternal health status, etc. were found to be associated with LBW.