Effects of anxiety and depression on the quality of life of elderly brain tumor patients

Mental health plays a crucial role in well-being and quality of life. The diagnosis of a brain tumor and subsequent surgery can have a significant impact on a patient’s well-being, especially in the natural course of aging. The uncertainty of the diagnosis, the potential impact on daily life and the after-effects of surgery can lead to psychological problems such as anxiety and depression in older people. The aim of the present study is to investigate the impact of depression and anxiety on the quality of life of older people who have undergone brain tumor resection. A descriptive research design was used to select a sample of 50 postoperative patients aged 55-75 years. The Malayalam version of HADS and WHOQOL-BREF were administered along with the study of other socio-demographic variables. Results: Correlation analyzes, ANOVA and post-hoc tests were performed. Results showed that high anxiety scores were associated with lower quality of life (p = .006). However, the level of depression had no significant effect on quality of life. In addition, there was a positive correlation between general health and QoL score (r = 0.685, p < .001), suggesting that better general health was associated with better QoL. The study suggests that psychological and physical factors should be considered in the assessment and treatment of older people who have undergone brain tumor resection. The results could help rehabilitation professionals, physicians as well as caregivers of post-operative patients to understand their psychological well-being and take appropriate measures to help them recover quickly.