Obesity and Behavioral conditions as a Risk factor of Hypertension among the Maram Tribes of Manipur

Obesity is becoming a well-known health parameter associated with a variety of health problems, including high blood pressure, diabetes and other cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between hypertension, behavioral factors and various measures of obesity in adult Marams from Manipur. A total of 180 Marams (males = 95, females = 85) aged 20-80 years from Senapati district were randomly interviewed. Smoking behavior, physical activity status and anxiety levels were recorded using a standardized schedule. Anthropometric data and blood pressure were measured using standardized procedures. Statistical methods, namely descriptive statistics, t-tests and chi-square tests, were applied. The results showed that the prevalence of hypertension was higher in male Maram (18.9%) than in females (16.5%). In both sexes, smoking, anxiety disorders and physical inactivity had significantly higher rates of hypertension than their respective counterparts (p<0.01). Among the various measures of obesity, BMI, WC, WHR and WHtR were significant for the risk of hypertension in both sexes (p<0.05). Maintaining obesity through behavioral changes could be helpful in reducing hypertension and extending lifespan.