Reproductive Health, Nutritional Status and Disease Burden of the Hill Kharia Women: A Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group of Odisha, India

This study aimed to assess the reproductive health, nutritional status, and disease burden of Hill Kharia tribal women in the Mayurbhanj district of Odisha. We included 174 women aged 18 to 60 years. Our findings revealed that these women had a mean conception rate of 3.01, a mean live birth rate of 2.26, and a mean reproductive wastage rate of 0.75. Based on BMI, 55.2% of the women were underweight. Central obesity (WHtR) also shows that 38.5% of the women were underweight and 30.4% were anemic. The prevalence of hypertension and high blood sugar among the women was found to be 12.16% and 8.6%, respectively. It is clear that the alarming trend of anemia, reproductive performance, under nutrition, hypertension, and diabetes among the Hill Kharia women demands the urgent incorporation of a specific health management policy.