Evaluating Factors Affecting Resilience of Natural Resource Dependent Community: A Case of the Tai Khamtis of Arunachal Pradesh, India

Following forest regulations and conservation interventions, many forest-dependent communities across India has experienced a gradual transition from their traditional livelihood based on natural resources to a more diversified economy. To better understand the differences in the ability to adapt to change, this paper focuses on the concept of community resilience and identifies factors that can contribute to successful economic transitions among indigenous communities. This is a regional case study of the Tai Khamti tribe of Arunachal Pradesh, India, which has experienced drastic socio-economic transition following the Supreme Court’s ban on timber in 1996. It proposes that efforts towards enhancing the resiliency factors of any forest-dependent community can contribute to their sustainable development as well as help to mitigate the shortcomings of forest policies.