A Sun Circle and Shaman holding a Crescent Moon Petroglyph: Following the Solstice Sun across High Points on the Archaic-age Cultural Landscape and Links to a Probable Copper Culture Moon Cult in Southeastern Wisconsin

The Eagle’s Nest is a vision quest (and rock art site) site located on the extreme edge of the Niagara escarpment in southern Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin (USA). It was discovered by following a Summer Solstice Sunset (SSSS) alignment of mutually visible sites spaced along high points on a 13.5 mile (21.7 km) long line. Beginning with the discovery of the Krug Sun Circle, the SSSS alignment/line also defines a continental sub-divide which separates the north flowing Great Lakes/North Atlantic Ocean and the south flowing Mississippi River/Gulf of Mexico drainage basins. Like the cultural landscape, the sites exhibit a pronounced ‘definite Archaic presence’ dating from the middle to Late Archaic (ca. 2000 – 1500 BC), the time of the warm period known as the Climatic Optimum and post Pleistocene northward drainage of Lake Michigan. At the Eagle’s site, symbolic dimensions represented by a petroglyph of a stickman figure holding a crescent moon may well represent a Copper Culture moon cult which, together with the sun, help delineate a vital part of the astronomical and belief system imprinted on the broader Late Archaic cultural landscape. The story of discovery is told in a first-person narrative as a legacy to years in the field, valued colleagues, legal precedence and conservation.