A Systematic Review on Nutritional Status of Women in India: An Outline

Women’s health and nutrition are of the utmost importance in India, where numerous nutritional programs and policies focus on them. Globally, women are the primary caretakers of their families, and rural women play a crucial role in sustaining their households by ensuring food and nutrition security, generating income, and improving rural livelihoods and overall well-being. The contribution of women to their societies from pre-natal to post-natal life regarding the growth and nutrition of their children is indisputable. It is crucial to protect women’s health and nutritional status to ensure their own well-being, that of their children, their families, and future generations. This literature review offers a comprehensive appraisal of existing research on chronic energy deficiency (CED) among Indian women. The present review comprises 70 publications on the prevalence of undernutrition and body mass index (BMI). The mean weight, height, and BMI of the reviewed studies ranged from a minimum of 39.25 (kg), 147.28 (cm), and 16.2 (kg/m²) to a maximum of 64.0 (kg), 161.0 (cm), and 25.0 (kg/m²), respectively. Similarly, the prevalence of CED ranged from 4.2% (least) to 98% (highest).