Health Status and its Association with Age and a Few Socio-economic Variables among the Adult Mishing Population of Dhemaji District, Assam

The study assessed the health of the adult Mishing population in Dhemaji District, Assam, using WHR, WHtR, and Conicity index alongside age and socio-economic factors. It involved 519 individuals from 18 to 60 years, both genders included. Standard protocols were followed for anthropometric measurements such as height, weight, and circumferences of waist and hip. Statistical analyses like descriptive statistics, t-tests, and chi-square tests were utilized to explore correlations and associations with age and socio-economic variables. The findings indicate significant differences in WHR and WHtR between males and females (p-value ≤0.001), with males showing higher mean values in anthropometric measurements. Nonetheless, indices and ratios like BMI and WHR were higher in females. Females exhibited a greater prevalence of being underweight compared to males. Thus, males displayed better nutritional status than females. Central adiposity and related health risks were gauged using WHR, WHtR, and conicity index, leading to the conclusion that females are at a higher risk of obesity-related health issues compared to males based on these indices.