Pathophysiology of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: A Study among the Hindu and Muslim Women of Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent endocrine disorder affecting numerous women of reproductive age, marked by hormonal imbalances, irregular menstruation, and ovarian cysts. Beyond fertility concerns, PCOS correlates with metabolic issues like insulin resistance, obesity, and heightened risks of type 2 diabetes and heart disease. This study explores the pathophysiology of PCOS in Bengali-speaking Hindu and Muslim women from Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It involved 723 young adult women, aged 15 to 30, split between 371 Hindus and 352 Muslims. The research gathered data on PCOS prevalence, associated general and socio-demographic characteristics, menstrual patterns, dietary habits, anthropometric data, and clinical variables such as blood pressure, random blood glucose, and hemoglobin levels. The findings indicate that despite sharing the same locale, Hindu and Muslim women show distinct PCOS manifestations and burdens due to their ethnic and cultural differences.