Prevalence of overweight/obesity, hypertension and its associated factors among study population of rural and periurban Birbhum district, West Bengal

The main cause of excessive overweight and obesity is the imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. Obesity is a significant predictor of hypertension and a controllable factor. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a convenient measure for assessing overweight and obesity. This study aims to determine the relationship between hypertension and BMI in the male and female populations of Birbhum district, West Bengal, considering age. The prevalence of Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED) was 20.65%, overweight was 14.91%, and obesity was 17.78% among the study population. Moreover, the prevalence of hypertension was 23.06%. Hypertension was more prevalent among the illiterate population, who were unaware of medication use, physical activity, and dietary intake. Logistic regression showed that socioeconomic factors impacted hypertension. Lower socioeconomic status is linked to higher blood pressure, especially when considering education levels. Identifying and monitoring hypertension is crucial to mitigate the risk of this condition among vulnerable groups across various regions in West Bengal and different societies.