Studies on the iboga cults. II. Missionary and colonial mystifications

In this second contribution towards the study of the traditional uses of the hallucinogenic plant iboga in equatorial Africa, some aspects are exposed regarding the formation of false clichés of missionary and colonial origin which have influenced and indoctrinated the same natives, to the point of convincing them of the reality of these Western models. These concern the missionary idea of a monotheism of the natives; the belief that various populations, in particular the Fang, were devoted to cannibal practices; and, as regards the religious cult of Bwiti, where iboga is used as a visionary source of divine revelation, the original practice of human sacrifice. Finally, the Masonic interpretations of Bwiti proposed by both missionaries and some scholars of this cult are considered.